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Trigger Point Massage
A trigger point is a small, tight area in the muscle fibers that restricts blood flow and causes pain and discomfort in other parts of the body. These 'knots' are tight enough to feel under the skin.
Trigger points form as a result of stress, repetitive or excessive muscle use, trauma or accident, structural imbalance, improper stretching, or no stretching prior to physical activity. When a muscle is overworked or injured, it constricts and knots form. Individual muscle fibers become tangled when they are overstimulated and unable to relax. This contraction decreases blood flow, resulting in a reduced supply of oxygen and the accumulation of metabolic waste. They can also result in referred pain, which is pain felt in other parts of the body.
A trigger point in the back, for example, may cause referred pain to the neck, which in turn may cause referred pain to the head- (common cause of migraines and headaches!)
To treat trigger points, the therapist will apply sustained pressure for a long enough period of time to deactivate the muscle spasm, release, and relax the muscle. Tight, constricted muscle areas are relieved, and pain is reduced. A single session of trigger point therapy can significantly reduce pain. This is one of the most effective me5thods for treating muscle pain and discomfort.